By Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)
In the previous couple of years, a lot of books on microprocessors have seemed out there. so much of them originated within the context of the 4-bit and the 8-bit microprocessors and their relatively basic constitution. although, the techno-logical improvement from 8-bit to 16-bit microprossors ended in processor parts with a considerably extra advanced constitution and with an extended performance and likewise to a rise within the method architecture's complexity. This books takes this development under consideration. It examines 16-bit micro-processor platforms and descrihes their constitution, their habit and their programming. the foundations of machine or ganization are handled on the part point. this can be performed through a close exam of the attribute functionali ty of microprocessors. in addition the interactions among and software program, which are average of microprocessor know-how, are brought. Interfacing strategies are one of many focal issues of those issues. This puplication is prepared as a textbook and is meant as a self-teaching direction on 16-bit microprocessors for college students of laptop technological know-how and communications, layout engineers and clients in a large choice of technical and medical fields. uncomplicated wisdom of boolean algebra is thought. the alternative of fabric relies at the 16-bit microprocessors which are presently on the market; nevertheless, the presentation isn't really sure to an individual of those microprocessors.
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Additional resources for 16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and Programming
18 shows a fixed fonnat, in which each field begins in a fixed position. In the case of variable fon;1ats, the field position has to be indicated by a specific character, for instance a space. The label field is used for the symbolic addressing of a program statement, and it may contain a symbol. The operation field contains t-he mnemonical op code; the address field specifies one or more symbolic addresses divided by comma". The comment field is used for commenting the corresponding program statement Program statements may consist of comments only; if so, they have to be marked by a special character, for instance '*'.
For instance, the first character of a symbolic address has to be a letter, it cannot exceed six characters and cannot contain special characters. 25 Furthermore, the assembly language defines the mnemonical op codes and special symholic addresses, like RO through R7 for the register file. In assembly languages. one symbolic instruction always corresponds to one machine code instruction (l-to-l translation), which is not the case in higher level programming languages. Thus, an assembly language program is closer to the processor hardware than a FORTRAN or ALGOL program.
File are obtained through the strictly agrecd upon register symbols RO through R7. They allow the differentiation between processor intemal and external addresses and cannot be employed for the symbolic definition of memory addresses. We thus obtain the RIM bits coding for our example, and therefore the number of machine code words per instruction. 20). Depending on the structure of the assembler, the machine code obtained is directly produced in those sections of the memory that were defined by the ORO specifications.