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Download Alabama in the Twentieth Century (Modern South) by Wayne Flynt PDF

By Wayne Flynt

An authoritative renowned background that areas the country in nearby and nationwide context.Alabama is a country packed with contrasts. at the one hand, it has elected the bottom variety of ladies to the country legislature of any country within the union; but in accordance with historians it produced of the 10 most vital American ladies of the 20 th century—Helen Keller and Rosa Parks. Its everyone is fanatically dedicated to conservative spiritual values; but they freely idolize tarnished soccer courses because the resource in their heroes. electorate who're questioned via Alabama's maddening resistance to alter or its particularly robust experience of culture and group will locate vital clues and new knowing inside of those pages.Written by means of passionate Alabamian and finished historian Wayne Flynt, Alabama within the 20th Century bargains assisting arguments for either detractors and admirers of the kingdom. a local son who has lived, enjoyed, taught, debated, and grieved in the country for 60 of the a hundred years defined, the writer doesn't recoil from stating Alabama's disasters, corresponding to the woeful yoke of a 1901 nation structure, the oldest one within the state; nor is he confined in calling cognizance to the state's triumphs opposed to nice odds, comparable to its extra special variety of army heroes and proficient athletes, its fabulous array of writers, people artists, and musicians, or its haunting actual good looks regardless of many years of abuse.Chapters are equipped by way of topic—politics, the financial system, schooling, African americans, ladies, the army, recreation, faith, literature, paintings, journalism—rather than chronologically, so the reader can digest the complete sweep of the century on a selected topic. Flynt’s writing variety is attractive, descriptive, freed from muddle, but according to sound scholarship. This booklet deals lecturers and readers alike the colossal variety and complexity of Alabama's triumphs and occasional issues in a defining century.

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By century’s end Alabama had the nation’s most regressive and unfair tax system. The wealthiest 1 percent of Alabamians paid some 3 percent of income in state and local taxes. The poorest one¤fth paid 12 percent. In 1933 Birmingham spent less money on vital city services than 67 of 68 American cities of 120,000 population or more. Even sales taxes applied differently to various businesses, which hired lobbyists to win individual exemptions. Tobacco distributors purchased tax stamps from the state that granted them discounts (a tax exemption that You are reading copyrighted material published by the University of Alabama Press.

Friends and neighbors could launch a political career. But to expand that career beyond a candidate’s locale required mastery of the state’s courthouse gangs. With the voting base already reduced by literacy tests, poll taxes, property requirements, and other devices designed to disfranchise the poor, a small local elite unduly in®uenced the remaining citizenry. Trusting local of¤cials for advice about statewide candidates from other regions who were unknown to them personally, voters often took cues from circuit or probate judges, sheriffs, county commissioners, or mayors.

In 1993 the chamber asked the county to formalize the legal status of their cooperation. County commissioners concurred and contacted their legislators. Legislators agreed to sponsor an amendment in the legislature. The legislature passed the amendment, which required a statewide vote. But Calhoun County’s proposed change, along with 17 other local amendments, were put on hold while a federal judge impounded some 2,000 absentee ballots in a disputed race for Alabama’s chief justice. What Calhoun County business and political leaders could have done in a matter of minutes to improve the local economy required many months.

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